This surah covers some fine points regarding diplomacy and policy to do with a treaty that allowed the Muslims to make their pilgrimage to Mecca. If you are interested in covering this subject in more detail the children’s Sira: The Light of Muhammad by Hajjah Amina Adil has several chapters reagarding the conflict beginning with The Treaty of Hudaybiyah and ending with The Conquest of Mecca.
These are complicated subjects for children but there are two points from this surrah that can be discussed with children even in isolation from its larger context.
This surah says that when there is a conflict you must give asylum to people who seek it.
Discussion Question: when someone comes to you asking your help and protection when they are running from a war what do we do? Why do give protection to people running from war?
Discussion question: what does repent mean? If we are sorry how do we address our bad choice? What does it mean to keep our word? Why is it important to hold to what you say and promise?
Image: This image is based on an Egyptian painting of mourners for the posture. I gave the figure a style of dress more generic of the period being illustrated. The purpose of the image it to depict a person who is repenting which was not so easy to do so I tried to find a style of anguish that was from the ancient world.